Dr Alex Ford
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Publications

  • Bruck, S., Ford, A.T. (2017). Chronic ingestion of polystyrene microparticles in low doses has no significant effect on food consumption and growth to the intertidal amphipod Echinogammarus marinus. Environmental Pollution, (in press).
  • De Castro-Català, N., Muñoz, I., Riera, J.L. and Ford, A.T., 2017. Evidence of low dose effects of the antidepressant fluoxetine and the fungicide prochloraz on the behavior of the keystone freshwater invertebrate gammarus pulex. Environmental pollution, 231, pp.406-414.
  • Fuller, N., Lerebours, A., Smith, J. T., & Ford, A. T. (2015). The biological effects of ionising radiation on Crustaceans: A review. Aquatic Toxicology, 167, 55-67.
  • Ford, A. T. and Fong, P. P. (2015). The effects of antidepressants appear to be rapid and at environmentally relevant concentrations. Environ Toxicol Chem. doi:10.1002/etc.3087
  • Nikinmaa, M, Tjeerdema, R., Celander, M., Ford, A.T., Deirdre D. (2015) "An addition to the editorial team of Aquatic Toxicology and the responsibilities of the different editors." (2015): A1-A2.
  • Guler, Y., Short, S., Kile, P., & Ford, A. T. (2015). Impacts of a newly identified behaviour-altering trematode on its host amphipod: from level of gene expression changes to population. Parasitology, 18, 1-12
  • Green Etxabe, A., Short, S., Flood, T., Johns, T. & Ford, A.T. (2015). Pronounced and prevalent intersexuality does not impede the 'Demon Shrimp' invasion, PeerJ, 3:e757 (median IF 4)
  • Short, S., Yang, G., Guler, Y., Green Etxabe, A., Kille, P., Ford A.T. (2014)Crustacean intersexuality is feminisation without de-masculinisation: implications for environmental toxicology Environmental Science & Technology, 18;48(22):13520-9
  • Ford, A.T., (2014). From gender benders to brain benders (and beyond!). Aquatic Toxicology, 151, 1-3
  • Bossus, M. C., Guler, Y. Z., Short, S. J., Morrison, E. R., & Ford, A. T. (2014). Behavioural and transcriptional changes in the amphipod Echinogammarus marinus exposed to two antidepressants, fluoxetine and sertraline. Aquatic Toxicology. 151, 46-56
  • Green Etxabe, A. & Ford, A.T. (2014) Do demon shrimp carry demon parasites? In : Freshwater Biological Association News. 62, p. 10-11
  • Short, S., Yang, G., Kille, P., Ford, A.T. (2014) Vitellogenin is not an appropriate biomarker of feminisation in a Crustacean, Aquatic Toxicology, 153, 89-97 
  • Fong, P. P., & Ford, A. T. (2014). The biological effects of antidepressants on the molluscs and crustaceans: A review. Aquatic Toxicology. 151, 4-13 
  • Guerra, A., Leite, N., Marques, J. C., Ford, A. T., & Martins, I. (2014). Predicting the variation in Echinogammarus marinus at its southernmost limits under global warming scenarios: Can the sex-ratio make a difference? The Science of the total environment, 466, 1022-1029. 
  • Guler, Y., Short, S., Kile, P., & Ford, A. T. (2012). Integrating field and laboratory evidence for environmental sex determination in the amphipod, Echinogammarus marinus. Marine biology, 159(12), 2885-2890. 
  • Short, S., Yang, G., Kille, P., & Ford, A. T. (2012). A Widespread and Distinctive Form of Amphipod Intersexuality Not Induced by Known Feminising Parasites. Sexual Development, 6(6), 320-324.
  • Short, S., Guler, Y., Yang, G., Kille, P., & Ford, A. T. (2012). Paramyxean–microsporidian co-infection in amphipods: Is the consensus that Microsporidia can feminise their hosts presumptive? International journal for parasitology, 42(7), 683-691.
  • Lewis, C., & Ford, A. T. (2012). Infertility in male aquatic invertebrates: a review. Aquatic Toxicology, 120, 79-89.
  • Ford, A. T. (2012). Intersexuality in Crustacea: An environmental issue? Aquatic toxicology, 108, 125-129.
  • Glazier, D.G., Brown, T., Ford, A.T. (2012). Similar offspring production by normal and intersex females in two populations of Gammarus minus (malacostraca: amphipoda) with high levels of intersexuality. Crustaceana, 85(7), 801-815.
  • Ford, A. T., Martins, I., & Dunn, A. M. (2012). Insights into sperm–fertilisation relationships in the Arthropoda with ecological significance modelled in an amphipod. Invertebrate Reproduction & Development, 56(1), 50-56. 
  • Jacobson, T., Sundelin, B., Yang, G., Ford, A.T. (2011). Low dose TBT exposure decreases amphipod immunocompetence and reproductive fitness. Aquatic Toxicology, 101, 72-77. 
  • Yang, G., Short, S., Kille, P., Ford, A.T. (2010). Microsporidia infections in the amphipod Echinogammarus marinus (Leach): suggestions of varying causal mechanisms to intersexuality. Marine Biology, 158, 461-470. 
  • Guler, Y., Ford, A.T. (2010). Anti-depressants make amphipods see the light. Aquatic Toxicology, 99, 397-404.
  • Jacobson, T., Holmstrom, K., Yang, G., Ford, A.T., Berger, U., Sundelin, B. (2010) Perfluorooctane sulfonate accumulation and parasite infestation in a field population of the amphipod Monoporeia affinis after microcosm exposure, Aquatic Toxicology, In Press, 
  • Martins, I., Ford, A.T., Fernandes, T. (2009). Intersexuality incidence, sex ratio fluctuations and intersex reproductive output as factors affecting the temporal variation of intersexed populations of the marine amphipod Echinogammarus marinus. Marine Environmental Research, 68(4), 163-169.  
  • Shields, M.A., Dillon, L-J., Woolf, D.K., Ford, A.T. (2009). Strategic priorities for assessing the ecological impact of marine renewable energy devices in the Pentland Firth (Scotland, UK). Marine Policy, 33, 634-642. 
  • Ford, A.T.(2008). Can you feminise a crustacean? Aquatic Toxicology, 88(4), 316-321 
  • Ford, A.T., Sambles C., Kille P. (2008). Intersexuality in crustaceans: genetic, individual and population level effects. Marine Environmental Research, 66(1), 146-148
  • Yang, G., Kille, P., Ford, A.T., (2008). Infertility in a marine crustacean: Have we been ignoring pollution impacts on male invertebrates?, Aquatic Toxicology, 88(1), 81-87  
  • Ford A. T. & Glazier D.S. (2008). Pesistently high levels of intersexuality in male-biased amphipod populations. Zoology, 111, 401-409. 
  • Sundelin, B., Eriksson Wiklund, AK., and Ford, A. T. (2008). Biological effects of contaminants: the use of embryo aberrations in amphipod crustaceans for measuring effects of environmental stressors. ICES Techniques in Marine Environmental Sciences No. 41. 21 pp. 
  • Ford A.T., Read, P.A, Jones T.L., Michino, F., Pang, Y., Fernandes, T.F. (2007b). An investigation into intersex amphipods and a possible association with aquaculture. Marine Environmental Research, 64(4), 443-455. 
  • Ford A.T., Martins, I., Fernandes, T.F. (2007a). Population level effects of intersexuality in the marine environment. Science of the Total Environment. 374, 102-111. 
  • Ford A.T., Fernandes T.F., Read P.A., Robinson C.D., & Davies I.M. (2006a). Can pollution cause intersexuality in the amphipod, Echinogammarus marinus? Marine Pollution Bulletin. 53, 100-106. 
  • Fernandes, T., Rosenkranz, A., Ford, A., Christofi, N., Stone V., (2006c). Ecotoxicology of Nanoparticles (NPs). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry SETAC Globe: Learned Discourses Sept – Oct, 43-45. 
  • Ford A.T., Roders-Gray T.P., Davies I.M., Dunn A., Read P.A., Smith J.E., Robinson C.D., & Fernandes T.F. (2005c). Abnormal gonadal morphology in intersex, Echinogammarus marinus (Amphipoda): A possible cause of reduced fecundity? Marine Biology. 148, 913-918. 
  • Ford A.T., Fernandes, T.F. (2005b). Notes on the occurrence of intersex in amphipods. Hydrobiologia. 548(1), 313-318. 
  • Ford A.T., Fernandes, T.F. (2005a). Better the devil you know? A precautionary approach to using Amphipods and Daphniids in endocrine disruptor studies. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 24(5), 1019-1021. 
  • Ford A.T., Fernandes T.F., Rider S.A., Read P.A., Robinson C.D., & Davies I.M. (2004a). Endocrine disruption in a marine amphipod? Field observations of intersexuality and de-masculinisation. Marine Environmental Research. 58, 169-173. 
  • Ford A.T., Fernandes T.F., Read P.A., Robinson C.D., & Davies I.M. (2004b). The costs of intersexuality: A crustacean perspective. Marine Biology. 145, 951-957. 
  • Ford A.T., Fernandes T.F., Rider S.A., Read P.A., Robinson C.D., & Davies I.M. (2003a) Reproduction in the amphipod, Echinogammarus marinus: a comparison between normal and intersex specimens. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 83, 937-940. 
  • Ford A.T., Fernandes T.F., Rider S.A., Read P.A., Robinson C.D., & Davies I.M. (2003b). Measuring sublethal impacts of pollution on reproductive output in marine crustacea. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 265, 303-309. 
  • Callaway, R., Alsvag, J., de Boois, I., Cotter, J., Ford, A., Hinz, H., Jennings, S., Kroncke, I., Lancaster, J., Piet, G., Prince, P., and Ehrich, S. (2002). Diversity and community structure of epibenthic invertebrates and fish in the North Sea. - ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1199-1214. 
Peer Reviewed Citable Reports/Book Chapters.
  • Dunn, A.M., Rigaud, T., and Ford, A.T. (2018). Chapter 14. Environmental Influences on Crustacean Sex Determination and Reproduction: Environmental Sex determination, Parasitism and Pollution. In The Natural History of Crustacea. In press.
  • Ford, A.T. (2009). Intersexuality in Crustacea: An environmental concern? In: ICES. 2009. Report of the Working Group on Biological Effects of Contaminants (WGBEC), 16-20 March 2009, Weymouth Laboratory, UK. ICES CM 2009/MHC:04. 101 pp.
  • Shields, M., Ford A.T., Woolf, D., (2008). Ecological considerations for tidal energy development in Scotland. 10th World Renewable Energy Conference. 1010-1015.
  • Shields, M., Dillon, Woolf. D. and A.T.Ford. Ecological considerations for tidal energy development within the Pentland Firth (Scotland, UK). International Network for Offshore Renewable Energy Workshop 2008. 
  • Stone, V, Kinloch, I, Clift, M, Teresa Fernandes, Ford , A, Christofi, N, Alex Griffiths, A & Donaldson, K. (2007c). Nanoparticle Toxicology and Ecotoxicology: The Role of Oxidative Stress. In: Nanotoxicology, (eds.Y. Zhao and HS Nalwa). American Scientific Publishers. Stone V., Fernandes T. F., Ford A.T. & Christofi N. (2006b). Suggested strategies for the ecotoxicology testing of nanoparticles. MRS proceedings. 895, S1-6.
  • Tran, C., Donaldson, K., Stone, V., Fernandez, T., Ford, A., Christofi, N., Ayres, J., Steiner, M., Hurley, J., Aitken, R. and Seaton, A., 2005. A scoping study to identify hazard data needs for addressing the risks presented by nanoparticles and nanotubes. Edinburgh: Institute of Occupational Medicine. DEFRA report, pp 137. 
  • Zühlke, R. & Alvsvåg, J. & Boois, I. de & Cotter, J. & Ford, A. & Hinz, H. & Jarre-Teichmann, A. & Jennings, S. & Kröncke, I. & Lancaster, J. & Piet, G. & Prince, P. (2001): Monitoring biodiversity of epibenthos and demersal fish in the North Sea and Skagerrak. Monitoring report to the Commission of the European Community, EC Project: 98/021.
  • Zühlke, R. & Alvsvåg, J. & Boois, I. de & Cotter, J. & Ford, A. & Hinz, H. & Jarre-Teichmann, A. & Jennings, S. & Kröncke, I. & Lancaster, J. & Piet, G. & Prince, P.: Epibenthic biodiversity in the North Sea. In: Kröncke, I. & Türkay, M. & Sündermann, J. (eds), Burning issues of North Sea Ecology, Proceedings of the 14th International Senckenberg Conference North Sea 2000. Senckenbergiana Maritima, 32: 107-115.
  • Zühlke, R. & Alvsvåg, J. & Boois, I. de & Cotter, J. & Ford, A. & Hinz, H. & Jarre-Teichmann, A. & Jennings, S. & Kröncke, I. & Lancaster, J. & Piet, G. & Prince, P. (2000): Monitoring biodiversity of epibenthos and demersal fish in the North Sea and Skagerrak. Monitoring report to the Commission of the European Community, EC Project: 98/021.
Non-peer reviewed Reports
  • Mansergh, R., Cragg, S.M., Ford, A.T. (2011). Parasite biomarkers of amphipod health. PMNHS Newsletter No. 30 p44.
  • Pini, J., Watson, G.J., Ford, A.T. (2011). Assessing the impacts of the chronic exposure of zinc and copper on the polychaete Nereis virens (SARS) 1835. PMNHS Newsletter No. 30 p45-46.
  • Ford A.T., Martins, I., Fernandes, T.F. (2007). Evaluating mid to long term impacts of chemicals on marine communities. Science for Environmental Policy New Alert, European Commission DG ENV News Alert No. 59.
  • Tett, Edwards and Ford (June 2005) A theory based phytoplankton community index from continuous planlton recorder data; download pdf; -
  • Paul Tett, David Mills, Richard Gowen, Michelle Devlin, Martin Edwards, Alex Ford, Mike Best, Richard Park and Jo Foden (Sep 2005) Development of a phytoplankton community index for detection of eutrophication download pdf-
  • Tett, P., Edwards, M. & Ford, A. 2006. A theory based phytoplankton community index from Continuous Plankton Recorder data. Contract report for DEFRA, 1-7